On Evolution in the European
EUROPE IS VERY FAR FROM BEING UNANIMOUS ABOUT THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION.
On October 11th, 2006, a conference
on the teaching of the theory of evolution in European schools was organized in the European Parliament through
the initiative of the MEP, Prof Maciej Giertych.
The organizer declared that he had learnt in school about evolution as a scientific fact proven
by palaeontology. His further education (forestry studies at Oxford, specialization in plant physiology and genetics
in Toronto) and his later scientific career led Prof Giertych to teaching population genetics to biology students.
During this time he discovered that school textbooks had moved the onus of proof for evolution
from palaeontology to population genetics, his scientific speciality. He decided to protest. The claim that the
formation of races is an example of a small step in evolution is false, because when races are formed there is
a reduction of genetic information, whereas the theory of evolution postulates its growth. School textbooks throughout
Europe repeat the same arguments and the same line of thinking. The “proofs” of evolution are identical as those
offered by Marxist schools in communist Poland. Why so? Soon he realized that in many natural sciences serious
doubts about the theory of evolution have appeared. Numerous scientists provide arguments against the theory of
evolution pointing to devolution in nature. These deserve to be known better and thus the idea of holding this
session in the European Parliament in Brussels was born.
The first to speak was a palaeontologist, who explained why palaeontology no longer supplies
the main arguments in favour of the theory of evolution. Dr Hans Zillmer, a German palaeontologist,
author of several books on evolution (published also in Poland) had participated in numerous
excavation expeditions in various parts of the world. He presented beautifully illustrated information about new
discoveries indicating the simultaneous occurrence of dinosaurs and humans, about the joint occurrence of fossils
that were said to belong to very different geological periods and about the occurrence of completely unchanged
forms found in strata that were dated as being separated by hundreds of millions of years.
He also showed photographs of people living today having skulls exactly the same as those
of the Neanderthals and of living apes with skulls as those of the Australopithecines.
There is therefore no evolutionary process from apes to humans, but a considerable variation
among both living and fossil apes and men. In conclusion, he questioned the current method of dating of the entire
stratigraphic column (rock layers).
The second speaker was a sedimentologist, a hydraulics engineer from the Paris École
Polytechnique, Guy Berthault, who presented the results of his studies on the formation
of sedimentary rocks. He said that on mixing mercury, water and oil we will obtain clear
layers, not because mercury is old and oil is young, but because they differ in specific gravity. The formation of sedimentary rocks is similar. Sediments do not fall from the
sky. First there is erosion, then transport and finally sedimentation. During transport the particles rub against one another and are ordered depending on their specific gravity,
size and shape. Most commonly transport is carried by water, but it can be also activated by wind or dry earth
movement. Berthault views these phenomena behind a pane in large hydraulic laboratories, where water carries a
mixture of various materials. The simultaneous formation of many strata is observed. Berthault’s main studies were
conducted in Colorado State University in cooperation with Prof Pierre Y. Julien, but currently he works in St.
Petersburg, where together with geologists from the Russian Academy of Sciences he conducts simulations of the
formation of specific stratigraphic sequences found in the field. Berthault’s results
make the entire stratigraphic dating obsolete. He questions the whole stratigraphic column.
A great deal of water carrying material from erosion is needed for the genesis of strata. Millions
of years are not needed. In fact, minutes, hours and days suffice to explain all the
formations. Without millions of years there is no evolution.
The third speaker was Prof Joseph Mastropaolo, a human physiologist
from California State University, who proposed that devolution rather than evolution be taught in schools.
The existence of devolution can be demonstrated experimentally.
The world is expending itself in terms of energy. The information resources of the biosphere are dwindling. We
constantly observe the extinction of some species and we never observe the genesis of new ones. The genetic load,
that is, the number of genetic defects within populations of living organisms is growing. Mastropaolo presented alarming data on the geometric increase of genetic diseases in man, endangering the future of
our species. The process that is in the opposite direction to evolution can be documented. There is no scientific
proof for the process of evolution. He mentioned also various mechanisms through which
defects in nature are repaired, such as the healing of wounds, the reconstruction of tissues or organs, immunological
resistance to parasites, the formation of cysts rendering foreign bodies harmless etc. The potential for repair
is enormous, both on organism and population level, but this has nothing in common with the postulated evolutionary
process. No new species appear.
The presented papers and the following discussion manifested that
it is high time to reject the theory of evolution in the form that it is offered in European schools. A theory
that lacks scientific proof is taught as dogma (or in fact as superstition) instead of scientific truth. The issue
needs to be seen from a purely scientific point of view taking into account the most recent discoveries.